Added: Kerra Sellers - Date: 10.12.2021 16:33 - Views: 31903 - Clicks: 7363
Background : Telling personal stories of violence has been central to recent advocacy efforts to prevent violence against women around the world. In this paper, we explore the use of personal storytelling as a form of activism to prevent femicide in Turkey. This study is part of a broader storytelling initiative called SHAER Storytelling for Health: Acknowledgement, Expression and Recovery to alleviate the psychological and emotional suffering of women who have experienced gender-based violence in high-prevalence settings.
Objectives : We conceptually explore personal stories of violence as a form of both distributed agency and activism. This conceptual framework is used to answer the following research question in the Turkish context: How do women use their personal stories of interpersonal violence for their own benefit support and that of others activism? Interviews were conducted between March and August We used inductive and deductive thematic analysis to identify instances of personal storytelling at three levels: intrapersonal, relational and collective.
: Our show how the use of personal storytelling can provide a means of healing from experiences of violence. However, this process is not linear and is often influenced by the surrounding context including: the listener of the story, their reaction, and what social networks the woman has to support her.
In supportive social contexts, personal storytelling can be an effective support for activism against violence: personal stories can provide opportunities for individuals to shape broader discourses about violence against women and the right of women to share their stories.
Personal stories of interpersonal violence are autobiographical stories and reflections about experiences of violence in interpersonal relationships, and often include stories of domestic violence, family violence, or child abuse. Personal storytelling can provide an opportunity for women to work through the trauma of experiencing interpersonal violence [ 2 ]. However, little is known about how women use their personal stories of violence, for what purposes, or why some women choose to tell their story as a means of acting against VAW more broadly. In this paper, we explore how women in Turkey have used personal storytelling as a response to violence against women at an individual and societal level.
In recent years, feminist activists in Turkey have paid considerable attention to femicide [ 4 ] — the killing of women because they are women [ 56 ] — as one form of violence against women. While official statistics are largely unreliable on this issue, media reports for hundreds of women being killed by their husbands or family members each year [ 6 ], and these rates appear to be increasing [ 7 ]. Our analysis was guided by the following research question: How do women use their personal stories of interpersonal violence for their own benefit support and that of others activism?
This article shares the of these interviews, which highlight how personal storytelling benefits women Magic gender change story an intrapersonal level e. In Turkey became a atory to the Istanbul Convention outlining comprehensive measures to prevent and Magic gender change story VAW [ 1112 ]. More recently, however, Turkey has experienced a backlash on gender equality and the status of women [ 13 ]. In earlyTurkey withdrew from the Istanbul Convention [ 15 ]. The telling of personal stories of interpersonal violence has played and continues to play an important role in collective action against femicide and VAW in Turkey.
Femicide and VAW are highly polarized issues in present day Turkey. This makes Turkey a highly interesting context to study the role of storytelling as a form of feminist resistance and activism against violence. In this paper, we approach personal storytelling as a dialogical interaction drawing on a social constructivist perspective [ 20 ].
This approach to personal storytelling lends itself to interpreting stories as both personal therapy [ 2122 ], and a form of discursive activism [ 2324 ]. It does this by offering opportunities for the creation of shared narratives through a collective and reciprocal telling of stories, with women acting as authors and protagonists of their own narratives [ 2526 ]. The transformative potential of storytelling, therefore, is understood to exist for both the individual and the community. In this article, Magic gender change story use the concept of distributed agency to explore the pathways and resources that support women who experience violence in Turkey to tell their personal stories of interpersonal violence for the purpose of broader social change.
A focus on agency necessitates attention to these structural barriers and potential spaces of resistance [ 28 ]. This has important implications for both the social networks that may support women experiencing violence as well as those that support activists to address the broader social structures that drive VAW. This sub-study was part of an initial exploratory project to investigate the potential for the intervention to be developed for Turkey. Participants were purposefully sampled from a list of survivors who had reached out to the Platform to seek help from violence with attention to obtaining a diversity of participants across different age groups and types of violence experienced.
The age range of participants was between 18—49 years. Participants held a wide range of professional roles including: lawyers, nurses, shop assistants, private sector employees, clerks, market vendors, university students, and housewives. While most of the women had experienced intimate partner violence from a male partner, there were also instances of sexual violence and sexual harassment by non-partners. Participant details. Women were first contacted by Magic gender change story WWEF Platform about the research study and asked if they would be willing to participate.
Those who were willing to be interviewed were subsequently contacted by GS to arrange a secure and private location to meet and conduct the interview. As a large metropolitan area, Istanbul boasts a diverse population from all areas of the country, and our sample reflects this diversity.
Every effort was made to ensure that the interview location was secure and private for the participants to tell their stories. Participants were given an information sheet and consent form at the beginning of the meeting. GS gave them time to read the information sheet and answered any questions the participants might have about the interview or study as a whole.
The in-depth interviews were carefully deed and pilot tested to ensure a logical flow of questions that would minimize any potential distress for the participants in being asked to tell their stories of violence. Guidelines for interviewing women who had experienced violence were developed for the SHAER Project and shared with all members of the research team. Interviews were conducted by GS, who had extensive training and experience conducting sensitive interviews with vulnerable participants.
The topic guide included questions about personal experience of violence, who they had told the story to and why, which was then followed by broader questions about why they thought violence against women existed, and Magic gender change story they thought could be done to address it. All interviews were audio recorded and transcribed into English by YIU in preparation for analysis. The data were analyzed using a combination of inductive and deductive thematic analysis [ 29 ]. As an initial step, two researchers KM and JM inductively coded a small selection of 3—4 transcripts each to identify initial concepts and themes, and inform the development of a clear research question that could be answered with the data following an emergent approach to qualitative research [ 30 ].
These themes and the potential direction of the analysis were then discussed with the project team and a plan for the analysis was established. Secondly, KM coded all the data deductively identifying any actions women had taken in response to experiences of violence and organizing these according to different dimensions of agency.
As a third step, KM and JM discussed the organized themes and together developed a set of overarching themes that summarized the high-level contribution to the literature made by the study. The final overarching or global themes are summarized in our. Participants described several actions they took in response to the violence they experienced.
These are presented according to three dimensions of agency intrapersonal, relational, and collective. Taken as a whole, the actions described by participants reveal agency as multifaceted with a range of different potential outcomes at intrapersonal, relational and collective levels, and highlight ways women use their personal stories of violence to achieve improved outcomes for themselves and others.
Intrapersonal agency. Intrapersonal agency refers to individual changes in the thought processes of women regarding their experiences of violence, e.
Participants clearly described the moment when their awareness changed to recognize the violence they were experiencing as a problem that required them to do something: I made up my mind to divorce him even to risk my own life.
I could not put up with living like that. I was so determined. I set my mind to get divorced. I would rather die than live with a person I hate. AB, age Participants also described reaching different decisions about whether to speak out against the violence as it was happening or after it had happened. For example, Nur described standing up for herself against her abuser to avoid future episodes of violence: In the beginning of our marriage, he raised his hand against me, once. I shouted back at him, stop, I will break your arm!
How on earth you dare to raise your arm against me? Who the hell are you to do this! He never did the same again. You get beaten either you shout back or stay silent. Shout at least and make everybody hear you. Perhaps someone hears me. I do not keep silent anymore. I am 38 years old. I will never remain silent. Not, anymore. I will never Magic gender change story a slave to any man.
Nur, age For example, one participant described her numerous attempts to block her abuser from contacting her and her growing anger at the need to try and stop him: He kept on sending messages every day. I was not aware that he was posting about me via Facebook, as well. I had blocked him on WhatsApp.
It occurred to me to check my Facebook and I saw so many messages posted consecutively. I blocked him there, too. After this, things have gotten more out of control. He was opening new s times a day and sending me messages from them over and over again. I blocked him, he kept messaging me. I closed my eventually. I did not have to do this. I did not have to restrict my space. When you get angry you want to get rid of everything. Then he started to write on Twitter and Instagram. My Twitter was not locked then.
I locked them. I was changing my name constantly on Instagram. BES, age Other women described experiencing increased confidence to fight further violence in their lives. For instance, KT described how she first felt afraid but was now determined to not fall victim to violence again: Interviewer Have you ever thought of litigating against him? I was scared of him.
But I am decided now, if he ever does something bad to me, harms me, I will surely file a suit. I have no fear from now on …. I will never surrender to a man again. I will never concede, not anymore. The age-old socio-cultural prejudices, motherhood problem, female problems, partner issues — all of them lay burdens on us all throughout history. We can stand up to them. I think, men cannot bear the menstruation pains we suffer even though we do not have masculine power.
We are so powerful in the face of pressure and we go on living with resilience. All we need is to be conscious, aware of our problems.Magic gender change story
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‘My story is like a magic wand’: a qualitative study of personal storytelling and activism to stop violence against women in Turkey